Electronic Logging Devices (ELDs) have thrust telematics into the limelight due to federally-mandated adoption by US motor carriers and drivers, and soon by Canadian carriers as well. While owner-operators and many carriers, especially smaller ones, at first resisted implementation of mandated ELDs, smart carriers and fleet owners are figuring out how to leverage their investment in these devices to create considerable new value, once these systems are in place.
US ELD Mandate Already in Force
In the MAP-21 Act, the US Congress mandated adoption of ELDs (Electronic Logging Devices) with the aim of improving safety and recordkeeping efficiency. The idea is that, compared to the traditional paper logs (which can be easily falsified), electronic logging of the actual hours a truck is driven will improve compliance with HOS (hours of service) rules and reduce the ad¬min¬istrative burden of paper recordkeeping.
The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) issued the ELD Final Rule3 on December 16, 2015. It requires all Commercial Motor Vehicle4 (CMV) carriers that operate across state lines to equip their vehicles with ELDs.5 As of December 18, 2017, CMVs can no longer use paper logs or logging software, but must use an ELD (or an AOBRD installed prior to 12/18/17). As of December 18, 2019, all AOBRDs are no longer allowed; only ELDs can be used.